Commentary Surveys

Old Testament Commentary Survey, 5th ed.

Author:  Longman III, Tremper

Publisher: Baker, 2013

Leading Old Testament scholar Tremper Longman III provides students and pastors with expert guidance on choosing a commentary for any book of the Old Testament. The fifth edition has been updated to assess the most recently published commentaries, providing evaluative comments. Longman lists a number of works available for each book of the Old Testament, gives a brief indication of their emphases and viewpoints, and evaluates them. The result is a balanced, sensible guide for those who preach and teach the Old Testament and need help in choosing the best tools.

New Testament Commentary Survey, 7th ed.

Author:  Carson, D.A.

Publisher: Baker, 2013

Highly respected New Testament scholar D. A. Carson provides students and pastors with expert guidance on choosing a commentary for any book of the New Testament. The seventh edition has been updated to assess the most recently published commentaries. Carson examines sets, one-volume commentaries, and New Testament introductions and theologies, offering evaluative comments on the available offerings for each New Testament book. This is an essential guide to building a reference library.

Commentary Series and Single Volume Works

The Expositor’s Bible Commentary

Author:  Gaebelein, Frank E., ed.

Publisher: Zondervan, 1991

Good for general use

New Interpreter’s Bible

Author:  Keck, Leander, ed.

Publisher: Abingdon Press

Broad range of applications. Commentary verse by verse and reflection on practical issues.

Old Testament Reference Works

A Biblical History of Israel, 2nd edition

Author: Provain, Iain W., V. Philips Long, and Tremper Longman

Publisher: Westminster John Knox Press, 2015

Covenant and Creation: A Theology of Old Testament Covenants

Author:  Dumbrell, William

Publisher: Wipf & Stock Pub.; Reprint Edition 2009

Demonstrates God’s developing relationship with his people leading toward a new covenant and a new creation.

Intertestamental Reference Works

An Introduction to Early Judaism

Author: Vanderkam, James C.

Publisher: Eerdmans, 2000

The Eerdmans Dictionary of Early Judaism

Author: Collins, John J. (editor), Daniel C. Harlow (editor)

Publisher: Eerdmans, 2010

New Testament Reference Works

Studying the Synoptic Gospels: Origin and Interpretation

Author: Stein, Robert H.

Publisher: Baker Academic, 2001

The Moral Vision of the New Testament: Community, Cross, New Creation, A Contemporary Introduction to New Testament Ethics

Author: Hays, Richard B.

Publisher: HarperOne, 1996

OT Recommended Commentaries - Genesis

Genesis: A Commentary

Author: Waltke, Bruce K., with Cathi J. Fredricks

Publisher: Zondervan, 2001

Explores the first book of the Bible as “theological literature.”

The Book of Genesis 18-50

Author:  Hamilton, Victor P.

Publisher: Eerdmans, 1995

American evangelical. Interaction with historical methodologies

OT Recommended Commentaries - Exodus

Exodus (The NIV Application Commentary)

Author: Enns, Peter

Publisher: Zondervan, 2000


Author:  Houtman, C.

Publisher: Peeters Publishers, 1993

Dutch Reformed scholar. Exhaustive and very useful in exegesis and interpretation. Very expensive. Use in library

OT Recommended Commentaries - Leviticus

Leviticus, Numbers (The NIV Application Commentary)

Author: Gane, Roy

Publisher: Zondervan, 2004

Useful combinations of exegesis, theological commentary, and application hints.

Leviticus: Interpretation: A Bible Commentary for Teaching and Preaching

Author: Balentine, Samuel

Publisher: Westminster John Knox Press, 2003

OT Recommended Commentaries - Numbers

Numbers: Interpretation: A Bible Commentary for Teaching and Preaching

Author:  Olson, Dennis

Publisher: Westminster John Knox, 2012

Integrates historical and theological studies. Innovative in approach to the structure of Numbers. Highlights Olson’s theme that Numbers is all about “The death of the old and the birth of the new.”

Numbers 1-20: A New Translation

Author:  Levine, Baruch

Publisher: Anchor Bible, 1993

Exhaustive exegesis employing critical and literary methodologies

OT Recommended Commentaries - Deuteronomy

Deuteronomy (Apollos Old Testament Commentary)

Author: McConville, Gordon

Publisher: IVP Academic, 2002

The JPS Torah Commentary: Deuteronomy

Author: Tigay, Jeffrey H.

Publisher: The Jewish Publication Society, 2003

OT Recommended Commentaries - Joshua

Joshua: Interpretation: A Bible Commentary for Teaching and Preaching

Author:  McCann, Jr., J. Clinton

Publisher: Westminster John Knox, 2002

Interprets Judges for the church and for the present time


Author:  Nelson, Richard D.

Publisher: Westminster John Knox, 1997

Understands Joshua to be a theological accounting what later generations believed about Israel’s receiving the land. Helpful treatment of text

OT Recommended Commentaries - Judges

Judges: Interpretation: A Bible Commentary for Teaching and Preaching

Author: McCann, J. Clinton, Jr.

Publisher: Westminster John Know Press, 2003

Interprets Judges for the church and for the present time

The Book of Judges (NICOT)

Author: Webb, Barry G

Publisher: Eerdmans; reprinted 2012

This book discusses not only unique features of the stories themselves but also such issues as the violent nature of Judges, how women are portrayed in it, and how it relates to the Christian gospel of the New Testament.

OT Recommended Commentaries - Ruth

The Book of Ruth

Author:  Hubbard, Jr., Robert L.

Publisher: Eerdmans, 1989

Solid exegesis and interpretation. Historical. Evangelical

Ruth: A Commentary

Author:  Nielsen, Kirsten

Publisher: Westminster John Knox, 1997

Paints a rich and subtle portrait of its characters. Traces the many connections between this story and other Biblical passages

OT Recommended Commentaries - 1 and 2 Samuel

First and Second Samuel: Interpretation: A Bible Commentary for Teaching and Preaching

Author:  Brueggemann, Walter

Publisher: Westminster John Knox, 1990

Good for teaching and preaching. As always, Brueggemann wonderfully expands our appreciation for very familiar stories by unearthing vital components of the Hebrew text. Translates very well to sermons

1 & 2 Samuel: A Commentary

Author:  Gordon, Robert P.

Publisher: Zondervan, 1999

Exegetical, non-literary approach. British Evangelical.

OT Recommended Commentaries - 1 and 2 Kings

1 Kings: Berit Olam series

Author:  Walsh, Jerome T.

Publisher: Michael Glazier, 1996

A literary study of the received shape of I Kings. Provides insightful analyses of the structure of most large pericopes

1, 2 Kings: An Exegetical and Theological Exposition of Holy Scripture

Author:  House, Paul R.

Publisher: Holman Reference, 1995

Aware of recent advances in literary study of scripture. Focus on theology and application

OT Recommended Commentaries - 1 and 2 Chronicles

I and II Chronicles: A Commentary

Author:  Japhet, Sara

Publisher: Westminster John Knox, 1993

Word Biblical Commentary Vol.14, 1 Chronicles

Author:  Braun, Roddy

Publisher: Nelson, 1986

Good exegesis and interpretation from a Lutheran vantage point.

OT Recommended Commentaries - Ezra-Nehemiah

The Books of Ezra and Nehemiah (NICOT)

Author:  Fensham, Charles

Publisher: Eerdmans, 1983

Good exegesis and interpretation. Balanced treatment of the historical problems.

Ezra-Nehemiah: Interpretation: A Bible Commentary for Teaching and Preaching

Author:  Thronveit, Mark A.

Publisher: Westminster John Knox, 2012

Good exegesis and interpretation. Balanced treatment of the historical problems

OT Recommended Commentaries - Esther

Esther: An Introduction and Commentary

Author:  Baldwin, Joyce

Publisher: Intervarsity Press, 1985

Esther (1997): A Commentary (Old Testament Library)

Author:  Levenson, Jon D.

Publisher: Westminster John Knox, 1997

Levenson is a highly insightful Jewish commentator who takes a literary approach to the text

OT Recommended Commentaries - Job

1&2 Maccabees, Job, Psalms. (New Interpreter’s Bible)

Author:  McCann, Jr., J. Clinton

Publisher: Abingdon, 1996

The Book of Job: A Commentary (The Old Testament Library)

Author:  Habel, Norman C.

Publisher: Westminster John Knox, 1985

OT Recommended Commentaries - Psalms

Psalms, Volume 1 (NIVAC)

Author: Wilson, Gerald Henry

Publisher: Zondervan, 2002

Psalms 1-50: Second Edition

Author:  Craigie, Peter C.

Publisher: Nelson, 2004

Communicates the emotional and theological impact of the Psalms as originally experienced by the people of Israel in their public worship and in private devotions

OT Recommended Commentaries - Wisdom books

Proverbs, Ecclesiastes, Song of Songs

Author:  Murphy, Roland and Elizabeth Huwiler

Publisher: Baker, 1995

Proverbs, Ecclesiastes, and the Song of Songs

Author:  Davis, Ellen F.

Publisher: Westminster John Knox, 2000

Popular style. Good for teaching and preaching

OT Recommended Commentaries - Proverbs

Word Biblical Commentary Volume 22, Proverbs

Author:  Murphy, Roland

Publisher: Nelson, 1998


Proverbs (1999): A Commentary

Author:  Clifford, Richard J.

Publisher: Westminster John Knox, 1999

Focuses on the rhetoric of Proverb and its relevance for contemporary living

OT Recommended Commentaries - Ecclesiastes

Ecclesiastes (Two Horizons Old Testament Commentary)

Author: Enns, Peter

Publisher: Eerdmans, 2011

Seeking to bridge the existing gap between biblical studies and systematic theology, this distinctive series offers section-by-section exegesis of the Old Testament texts in close conversation with theological concerns.

A Time to Tear Down and a Time to Build Up: A Rereading of Ecclesiastes

Author:  Fox, Michael V.

Publisher: Eerdmans, 1999

Written from a Jewish perspective

OT Recommended Commentaries - Song of Songs

Song of Songs (New International Commentary on the Old Testament)

Author: Longman, Tremper III

Publisher: Eerdmans, 2001

Songs of Songs: A New Translation with Introduction and Commentary (Anchor Bible)

Author:  Pope, Marvin H.

Publisher: Doubleday, 1997

OT Recommended Commentaries - Isaiah

Isaiah 1- 39, Westminster Bible Companion, 1998

Author:  Brueggemann, Walter

Publisher: Westminster John Knox, 1998

Isaiah 40 – 66, Westminster Bible Companion, 1998

Walter Brueggeman
Westminster John Knox Press, 1998


OT Recommended Commentaries - Jeremiah

2 books on Jeremiah – Hermeneia

Author:  Holladay, William L

Publisher: Fortress, 1986, 1989

Word Biblical Commentary Vol. 27, Jeremiah 26-52

Author:  Keown, Gerald, Pamela Scalise, Thomas Smothers

Publisher: Nelson, 1995

OT Recommended Commentaries - Lamentations

Lamentations (Historical Commentary of the Old Testament)

Author:  Renkema, J.

Publisher: Peeters, 1998

Lamentations: Issues and Interpretation

Author:  Westermann, Claus

Publisher: Fortress, 1994

OT Recommended Commentaries - Ezekiel

The Book of Ezekiel, Chapters 1-24 (NICOT)

Author:  Block, Daniel I.

Publisher: Eerdmans, 1997

A significant two-volume work on Ezekiel that translates very well for preaching

OT Recommended Commentaries - Minor Prophets

The Minor Prophets: Hosea-Jonah (Expositional Commentary)

Author:  Boice, James Montgomery

Publisher: Baker, 2006

Great for adult education and sermon preparation

Hosea-Micah: Interpretation: A Bible Commentary for Teaching and Preaching

Author:  Limburg, James

Publisher: Westminster John Knox, 2011

OT Recommended Commentaries - Hosea

Hosea: A Commentary (The OTL)

Author:  Mays, James Luther

Publisher: Westminster John Knox, 1969

OT Recommended Commentaries - Amos

Amos: A Commentary (The OTL)

Author:  Mays, James Luther

Publisher: Westminster John Knox, 1969

OT Recommended Commentaries - Jonah

Jonah: A Commentary (The OTL)

Author:  Limburg, James, James Mays, David Peterson

Publisher: Westminster John Knox, 1969

Jonah: A New Translation with Introduction, Commentary, and Interpretation

Author:  Sasson, Jack M.

Publisher: Anchor Bible, 1990

OT Recommended Commentaries - Micah

Micah (Old Testament Library)

Author:  Mays, James Luther

Publisher: Westminster John Knox, 1996

Micah the Prophet

Author:  Wolff, Hans Walter

Publisher: Augsburg Fortress Publishing, 1981

OT Recommended Commentaries - Nahum


Author:  Maier, Walter A.

Publisher: Concordia, 1987

OT Recommended Commentaries - Malachi

Malachi: God's Unchanging Love

Author:  Kaiser, Walter C.

Publisher: Baker, 1984

NT Recommended Commentaries - Matthew

Matthew: A Commentary. Volumes 1 & 2

Volume 1: The Christbook, Matthew 1-12

Volume 2: The Churchbook: Matthew 13-28

Author: Bruner, Frederick Dale

Publisher: Eerdmans, 2007

Matthew 21-28: A Commentary (Hermeneia: A Critical & Historical Commentary on the Bible)

Author: Luz, Ulrich

Publisher: Minneapolis: Fortress Press, 2005

NT Recommended Commentaries - Mark

Mark (Baker Exegetical Commentary on the New Testament)

Author: Stein, Robert H.

Publisher: Baker Academic, 2008

Mark: A Commentary (New Testament Library)

Author: M. Eugene Boring

Publisher: Westminster John Knox Press, 2006

NT Recommended Commentaries - Luke

The Gospel According to Luke: Introduction, Translation, and Notes

Author:  Fitzmyer, Joseph A.

Publisher: Doubleday, 1982

The Gospel of Luke (NIGTC)

Author:  I. Howard Marshall

Publisher: Eerdmans, 1978

Focus on the Greek grammar of Luke, useful for exegesis and preaching; accessible scholarship.

NT Recommended Commentaries - Parables

The Kingdom Equation: A Fresh Look at the Parables of Jesus

Author: Timmer, John

Publisher: Faith Alive Christian Resources; 2nd edition, 2008

Stories with Intent: A Comprehensive Guide to the Parables of Jesus

Author: Sondgrass, Klyne R.

Publisher: Eerdmans, 2008

NT Recommended Commentaries - John

Gospel According to St John: Black’s New Testament Commentaries

Author: Lincoln, Andrew T.

Publisher: Bloomsbury Academic, 2006

The Gospel of John: A Commentary – 2 Volume Set

Author: Keener, Craig

Publisher: Henrickson Publishers, 2003

For background and introductory material

NT Recommended Commentaries - Acts

Acts (Baker Exegetical Commentary on the New Testament)

Author: Bock, Darrell L.

Publisher: Baker, 2007

The Acts of the Apostles : A Socio-Rhetorical Commentary

Author:  Witherington, Ben

Publisher: Eerdmans, 1997

Academic, good for historical background

NT Recommended Commentaries - Romans

The Epistle to the Romans

Author:  Moo, Douglas J.

Publisher: Eerdmans, 1996


Author:  Schreiner, Thomas R.

Publisher: Baker, 1998

NT Recommended Commentaries - 1 Corinthians

First Corinthians: Interpretation: A Bible Commentary for Teaching and Preaching

Author:  Hays, Richard B.

Publisher: Westminster John Knox, 2011

The First Epistle to the Corinthians, Revised Edition

Author:  Fee, Gordon D.

Publisher: Eerdmans, 2014

NT Recommended Commentaries - 2 Corinthians

2 Corinthians, Volume 40: Second Edition

Author:  Martin, Ralph

Publisher: Zondervan, 2014

The Second Epistle to the Corinthians (NICNT)

Author:  Barnett, Paul

Publisher: Eerdmans, 1997

NT Recommended Commentaries - Galatians

Interpreting Galatians: Explorations in Exegetical Method

Author:  Silva, Moises

Publisher: Baker, 2001

Grace in Galatia: A Commentary on Paul's Letter to the Galatians

Author:  Witherington III, Ben

Publisher: Eerdmans, 1998

NT Recommended Commentaries - Ephesians

Ephesians and Colossians (Paideia: Commentaries on the New Testament)

Author: Talbert, Charles H.

Publisher: Baker Academic, 2007

God’s New Society: The Message of Ephesians (Bible Speaks Today)

Author: Stott, John R. W.

Publisher: Inter Varsity Press, 1980

NT Recommended Commentaries - Philippians

Philippians: The NIV Application Commentary

Author:  Thielman, Frank S.

Publisher: Zondervan, 1995

Paul's Letter to the Philippians (NICOT)

Author:  Fee, Gordon D.

Publisher: Eerdmans, 1995

NT Recommended Commentaries - Colossians and Philemon

Colossians Remixed: Subverting the Empire

Authors: Walsh, Brian J., and Sylvia C. Keesmaat

Publisher: IVP Academic, 2004

The Epistles to the Colossians and to Philemon (NIGCT)

Author:  Dunn, James D. G.

Publisher: Eerdmans, 1996

NT Recommended Commentaries - 1 and 2 Thessalonians

The Letters to the Thessalonians (The Anchor Yale Bible Commentaries)

Author: Malherbe, Abraham J.

Publisher: Yale University Press, 2004

The First and Second Letters to the Thessalonians (NICNT)

Author: Fee, Gordon D.

Publisher: Eerdmans, 2009


NT Recommended Commentaries - 1 and 2 Timothy, Titus

The Pastoral Epistles

Author:  Marshall, I. Howard

Publisher: Bloomsbury T&T Clark, 2004

1 & 2 Timothy, Titus

Author:  Fee, Gordon D.

Publisher: Baker, 1989

NT Recommended Commentaries - Hebrews

Hebrews: Interpretation: A Bible Commentary for Teaching and Preaching

Author:  Long, Thomas G.

Publisher: Westminster John Knox, 2011

Long is an outstanding preacher and so knows how to help other preachers access the text for sermon-writing

NT Recommended Commentaries - James

The Letter of James (NICNT)

Author: McKnight, Scot

Publisher: Eerdmans, 2011

From beginning to end, the book is shaped for pastors, teachers, and scholars. McKnight is less interested in shedding new light on James than on providing a commentary for those who want to explain the letter and its significance to congregations and classes.

The Message of James

Author:  Motyer, J. Alec

Publisher: IVP Academic, 1985

NT Recommended Commentaries - 1 Peter

1 Peter (Two Horizons New Testament Commentary)

Author: Green, Joel B.

Publisher: Eerdmans, 2007

The First Epistle of St. Peter: The Greek Text With Introduction, Notes, and Essays (Thornapple Commentaries)

Author:  Selwyn, Edward G

Publisher: Baker, 1981

NT Recommended Commentaries - 2 Peter, Jude

Word Biblical Commentary Vol. 50, 2 Peter, Jude

Author:  Bauckham, Richard

Publisher: Word, 1983

NT Recommended Commentaries - 1, 2, and 3 John

The Epistles of John (The Anchor Bible, Vol 30)

Author:  Brown, Raymond E.

Publisher: Anchor Bible, 1982

NT Recommended Commentaries - Revelation

The Letters to the Seven Churches of Asia in Their Local Setting

Author:  Hemer, Colin J.

Publisher: Eerdmans, 2000

Revelation Down to Earth

Author:  Walhout, Edwin

Publisher: Eerdmans, 2000

Key Books for Preaching

Beautiful Light: Religious Meaning in Film

Author: Anker, Roy M.

Publisher: Eerdmans, 2017

The Birth of Jesus the Messiah

Author: Visser, Edward C.

Publisher: WestBow Press, 2017